The following is a brief excerpt from my Book of Revelation Bible Study Book.
THE MILLENNIAL REIGN
Believe it or not, there is more said about the millennial reign in the Book of Isaiah than in all of the Book of Revelation. Isaiah, chapter 65 and 66 tells about the rebellious nation, the new heavens and new earth.
The millennial reign on earth will be a very sad situation. Those who did not die from the plagues will live in utter anarchy on the face of the seriously damaged earth. After all the plagues have been poured out on the earth, it won’t even be recognizable. The land itself will be burned, erupted, changed, in a horrible way. Mankind and all its technology will literally be swept away from those who are left behind. All of man’s technology will be pretty much destroyed. There will be serious famine, sickness, murder, stealing, etc., that will be everywhere and affect every person living. Mankind will step back into the cave man era and start all over again. Satan will be bound up, but his secret agents (demons) will still be plentiful on the earth. The most simple things will become very valuable. People will fight to death to eat, and to have shelter. They will kill over metal, plastic, water, fuel, oil, medicines, and wood objects, etc., that are left behind. The utter destruction will change almost everything as we knew it. There will be no transportation, or money, and the few animals that survived will have to be used for breeding purposes. Even if money were available, there will be no one who has goods to sell. The trade and barter system will be the only system used until governments (kings) can be organized.
The people of the earth will repopulate the planet quickly because of the lack of abortion and birth control. Because of the cosmic disturbance, there will only be a few hours of sunlight during the day, and it will be much colder because of the sun being only 2/3 operable. People will spend every moment the light (sunshine) is available to feed themselves and make provisions for shelter. There will be almost no light from the moon, and a serious shortage of drinkable water. The nuclear explosions that took place will have caused incredible illness to the people who have survived the fires, bombs, diseases, etc., that circled the globe. The best way I can describe it is as follows. “It will be like living in a black and white world, compared to color.” There will finally be real silence on the earth. Mankind will start all over, without Yah’s help, and Satan will not be there to help them with their abominable technological instruments of destruction. They won’t be singing Barry McGuires song: “The Eve Of Destruction” in a future tense anymore. It will be the national anthem.
The children born and raised during the millennial reign will still be given the opportunity to follow Satan after he is allowed out for a short period of time. There will still be some that will rebel against Yeshua even during this time. After the millennium Satan will arise and fight once more, only to be destroyed by being cast into the river of fire. Then Satan’s angel of Death will be cast into the river of fire. Then, every person who ever lived will have to stand before the throne of Yahveh at the event called the “Great White Throne Judgement”. There, all people will be judged by Yeshua Himself as the King of Kings. All the elect will then enter into the New Jerusalem for eternity. All those who did not accept Him will then join Satan for eternity in the lake of fire, Hell. The present heaven and earth will then be reshaped and a new heaven and reshaped earth will appear for eternity. (2Pet. 3:10-13)
The Holy Spirit will not be there to lead anyone. Most of those who turn to Yeshua at this time will be killed, and those who survive will have to hide from all other human beings. The unsaved who die during the 1,000 year reign will still go to Hades, but the dead saints will go directly to the New Heaven.
Just as Yahveh's creation plan reflects six days of work and the seventh as rest, so also each day according to Yah is prophetically 1,000 years (Psalm 90:4). Therefore at the end of 6,000 complete years since the creation of Adam, corresponding to the sixth day of the week, and as we approach the seventh day Shabbat (in other words the Jewish year 6001), we can expect a one-thousand year "day" of rest, also known as "The Millennium." It will be marked by a great resurrection of the dead, a gathering of the living, and fulfilment of a long-standing marriage contract between Yah and His people Israel.
So how close are we to the Jewish year of 6001?
If we know, using revealed biblical chronology alone, that there exists approximately 2000 years from Adam to Moshe, another 2000 years from Moshe to Yeshua (almost to the day!), and then add on the Gregorian/secular calendar in use today, which informs us that we have passed some 2000 years since Yeshua, using simple math, how close do you think that places us? You be the judge.
We will have the unique privilege of seeing the redemption unfold, in short order.
Immediately prior to the coming of Mashiach there will be tremendous confusion in the world, just as we in fact are beginning to witness. Everything will seem to have gone haywire. The natural order will be turned on its head. Age will bow to youth. Ugliness will be trumpeted as beauty, and what is beautiful will be proclaimed unattractive. Barbarism will be called culture. And culture will be dismissed as worthless.
The hunger of consumerism and the lust for material wealth will grow more and more, and it will find less and less to satisfy its voracity. Eventually materialism depicted in the historical figures of Esav (Esau), Edom and Rome, will grow so ravenous that it will become its own angel of death. It will literally consume itself and regurgitate itself back out.
How many resurrections are there? Messiah was the first resurrection along with a few selective Old Covenant Saints (Matt. 27:52-53). Next, (Rev. 14:16) we will be resurrected (harvested), and will meet in the clouds with Messiah. We are resurrected here, not Messiah. And then the resurrection of the wicked will occur, following the millennium.
But what about the people who live during the millennial Kingdom? Matt. 13:41-42 says, “The Son of Man will send forth His angels, and they will collect out of His Kingdom all the things that cause people to sin and all the people who are far away from Torah; and they will throw them into the fiery furnace, where people will wail and grind their teeth.”
Let us look at the three most popular interpretations of this millennial Kingdom period:
The oldest interpretation is called Pre-millennialism. This view holds that Messiah will literally and bodily return to earth before the thousand year Kingdom begins. He will set up His Kingdom and reign from the throne of David out of a rebuilt city of Jerusalem. At the end of the thousand years He will turn the Kingdom over to His Father, at which point it will merge with Adonai’s eternal Kingdom.
Pre-millennialists also believe that Yah made many unconditional promises and covenants with Israel, and that regardless of Israel’s past history of spiritual failures, Yah will literally give all He promised during this thousand year reign. Every Believer in Messiah will also be the recipient of these promises as the adopted sons of Abraham.
There is, of course, very strong evidence that the apostles and early Believers unanimously expected Yeshua to set up a literal earthly Kingdom of Elohim. In Acts 1:6, just before Yeshua ascended into Heaven, the disciples asked Him, “Master, will you at this time restore the Kingdom to Israel?” In His answer, Yeshua did not try to set them straight by telling them there would not be an earthly Kingdom for Israel. He simply told them that it was not for them to know when it would come to pass, for this was something which only Adonai the Father knew. It was one of the un-revealed things of Adonai’s will that mankind had no need to know about yet.
A millennialism teaches that there will be no thousand year reign of Messiah on earth and no earthly Kingdom of Yah. According to this view, when Yeshua returns to earth He will take all the Believers out, condemn all the unbelievers, and eternity will begin right then. The sheep (Believers), will be divided from the goats (unbelievers) Matt. 25:31-32.
This view tends to spiritualize all the prophecies about the promised Kingdom. It also teaches that Israel forfeited all Yahveh’s promises to her because of unbelief, and that the church will inherit all the promises originally intended for Israel. It teaches that the church is the fulfilment of the millennial Kingdom, and that Messiah presently reigns through the church in peace and righteousness. This teaching doesn’t take the chaining of Satan literally, and teaches that he was instead bound by Messiah at His first coming, so that each time Yeshua gives a Believer victory over temptation, it is a kind of reaffirmation of the binding of Satan. A-millennialism optimistically sees the church moving triumphantly to victory.
3) POST-MILLENNIALISM (after the tribulation)
THE TRUE MILLENNIAL REIGN
Post-millennialism teaches that there will be a literal thousand year Kingdom on the old earth, but that Messiah Yeshua will claim His Kingdom only after the thousand years, and Satan’s short time have expired. This is the correct interpretation of the millennial reign. Yeshua will not reign on the old earth. He will reign on the New Earth/Heaven, and in the New Jerusalem.
These are the three major interpretations, and there are countless variations of the three just described.
What will it be like when Messiah rules the New Heaven after the millennial reign? Messiah will establish a total theocracy over all the New Heaven. During the time of Samuel, before king Saul, the people of Israel asked for a king to rule them. This was Yah’s response, 1Sam. 8:7 “Listen to all that the people are saying to you; it is not you they have rejected, but they have rejected me as their king.” It was Yah’s original plan to have a theocracy, in which He would govern His people. But the people wanted to be like the nations around them, so they selected a monarch/king to rule over them. There are many verses that talk about what it will be like during this time. I would like to share a few of those verses. Messiah’s reign from the New Heaven will be exactly what Yah promised to David. 2Sam. 7:12-13 says, “When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come forth from your body, and I will establish His kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of His kingdom for ever.” Messiah’s throne will be established forever.
How will the Torah function in the Heavenly Kingdom?
Micah 4:2 says, “Many Gentiles will come and say, ‘Come, let us go up to the mountain of Yahveh, to the house of Elohim of Jacob. He will teach us His ways, so that we may walk in His paths.’ The Torah will go out from Zion, the word of Yahveh from Jerusalem.” See also Isaiah 2:3.
Who says the Torah is just for Israel? Yah’s Torah will be the standard of judgement for all humanity when Messiah reigns. During the eternal reign, the Torah will be interpreted by Messiah, and applied by everyone. Jer. 31:34 says, “No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, ‘Know Yah,’ because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest,’ declares Yah. For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.” Messiah will be our Rabbi and we will all learn from Him, and we will all know Him. During the Messianic Kingdom, the Torah will have an intricate role in people’s everyday life. Contrast this to lack of Torah obedience by many churches and Believers today. In this so called “age of grace,” Believers have made void Yahveh’s holy Torah in the name of “dispensationalism.” We will all walk intimately with Yeshua when He returns. He will lead us all back to our Torah.
When Messiah reigns from the New Jerusalem He will usher in a time of great peace. Micah 4:3 says, “He will judge between many peoples and will settle disputes for strong nations far and wide. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.” Can you imagine the world without any wars or rumors of wars? Hard to believe isn’t it! The same theme is found in Joel 3:10 “Beat your plowshares into swords And your pruning hooks into spears; Let the weak say, “I am a mighty man.”
Where will we worship in Heaven? We have already learned that the elect will worship in the Temple in the New Jerusalem. But what about the place of worship. It is believed that the pattern and design of Ezekiel’s Temple (Ezek. 40-48) will be the Temple that Messiah has waiting in the New Jerusalem. Those who are on the new planet type Heaven to come will not have a specific place to worship Yah.
In Messiah’s Kingdom we will be there in our resurrected bodies. Once we get our new bodies we will not be able to procreate, based on Matt. 22:30. Our new bodies will not be receptive to sin, nor can we be tempted in anyway.